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most traded commodity in the world

These metals are key inputs into renewable technologies, such as solar panels and wind turbines. As a result, further price increases or disruptions in supplies of these metals could make the energy transition more costly. It should be noted that each commodity is different and so their prices are affected by different factors. For example, gold and silver prices can be affected by increased or decreased demand for jewellery and by changes in the demand for a store of value.

The estimated trade value of wheat in 2013 exceeded $45bn with the export volume reaching 154 million tonnes. The annual average price of the food grain during 2013 stood at $294 per tonne. As one of the most consumed beverages globally, coffee is a significant soft commodity. It is traded on commodity exchanges, with its price affected by factors like weather conditions, crop diseases, and consumer demand.

In 2019, 269,933 Futures and Options contracts were traded on LME, which is almost as much as the daily turnover on the COMEX. According to the LBMA (London Bullion Market Association) members of the London Precious Metals Clearing Limited (LPMCL) had registered 242.8 million ounces of gold had been cleared through 2019. Contrary to what many people think, gold is not the most expensive metal to trade.

For example, Soybean Meal and Soybean Oil, which both have high annual turnover on the CBOT. Total coffee production during the year ending June 2013 exceeded 8.5 million tonnes. Brazil was by far the biggest coffee producer followed by Vietnam, Indonesia and Columbia. The EU, consuming more than 2.5 million tonnes annually, was the world’s biggest coffee consumer followed by the US and Brazil which consumed more than 1.2 million tonnes of coffee each. Total broiler meat production in the world was approximately 84 million tonnes in 2013. The US, with an annual production exceeding 16 million tonnes, was the biggest poultry producer after Indonesia and China.

most traded commodity in the world

Indonesia, with an annual production of more than 30 million tonnes in 2013, was the world’s biggest palm oil producer followed by Malaysia and Thailand. Coffee is one of the most widely consumed beverages in the world and one of the most traded commodities globally. The largest coffee producing countries are Brazil, Viet Nam and Colombia, while the European Union and the United States of America are the largest consuming and importing markets globally. Coffee is a growing market due in part to increasing consumption in emerging economies and a stronger interest in specialty coffee and product innovations in developed countries.

Top 10 Most Traded Commodities in the World – 2023

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Unlike gold, roughly 50% of demand for silver can be attributed to its industrial uses, which include solar panels, photographic films and electrical contacts. Like gold, however, a large proportion of demand for silver is also driven by jewellers and investors. On an average, nearly two-third of the world’s wheat production is used for human consumption and the rest is used for livestock feed and industrial use and thus Wheat is one of the most traded commodities. Fish was the world’s single-most traded food commodity with an estimated export value of $130bn in 2013. The estimated global fish export volume during the year marginally increased to 57.8 million tonnes compared to 57.4 million tonnes in 2012. These top 10 most traded commodities drive global trade and play a critical role in shaping economies and industries around the world.

According to the LBMA (London Bullion Market Association) members of the London Precious Metals Clearing Limited (LPMCL) had registered 242.8 million ounces of gold had been cleared through 2022. There are rules governing the purity of metal alloys and quality of foodstuffs. In the past, natural gas mostly provided fuel for lighting, but is now also used globally for heating, cooking, water heaters and manufacturing. Each year, hundreds of billions of cubic meters of natural gas is extracted. Long-term oil trading can be difficult as the price of oil is constantly changing, and so most oil traders opt for short-term trading strategies.

most traded commodity in the world

Coffee needs to go through a complicated process before the beans (whole or ground) are ready to be used in a cafe or sold in a store. How coffee beans are processed is what distinguishes different brands. As it is sold on exchanges, coffee is cleaned, dried and packaged in sacks. Despite there being a seemingly endless list of financial assets available to trade, you may be wondering, out of all these choices, what are the most traded commodities in the world.

Exports – commodities

They are used to make a variety of food and agricultural products, including soyabean meal (animal feed), soyabean oil, and meat and dairy substitutes such as tofu and soy milk. The majority of soyabeans are grown in the US, followed by Brazil, Argentina, China and India. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude – referred to as US crude

on IG’s platform – is the second type of crude oil on our list. It’s traded as a commodity on various exchanges and is influenced by factors like weather, global demand, and ethanol production.

  • And I feel that when we sit here discussing the stock market, we’re a little like Emperor Nero fiddling while Rome burns.
  • Despite there being a seemingly endless list of financial assets available to trade, you may be wondering, out of all these choices, what are the most traded commodities in the world.
  • The resulting instability saw commodities prices rally to fresh multi-year highs.
  • Swiss investment bank UBS forecast gold to average $1,700/ounce by end of this year due to higher interest rates and falling inflation.
  • It is primarily used to manufacture electrical wire, pipes, roof tiles and industrial machinery.

It is a high-quality ‘sweet light’ oil, meaning it has a low sulphur content and density, and is therefore relatively easy to refine into usable end products. It is drilled from oil fields in the North Sea’s Brent, Oseberg, Forties and Ekosfisk fields, off the shores of the UK and Norway. This proximity to the coast makes it relatively cost effective to transport internationally.


The following is a list of futures contracts on physically traded commodities. Some commodity market speculation is directly related to the stability of certain states, e.g., Iraq, Bahrain, Iran, Venezuela and many others. Most commodities markets are not so tied to the politics of volatile regions. The supply-and-demand fundamentals for commodities can change liquidity. For example, if there is a sudden shortage of a commodity, and the price begins to move higher, it will attract speculative buying.

Both Brent and WTI crude oil are major pricing benchmarks for the global oil supply, and are some of the most actively traded commodities because they make up a major source of the world’s energy supply. The price of oil can be affected by many external features, such as the weather, politics, and supply and demand. In addition, commodities with low liquidity often face sharp price swings. As such, if you are looking to trade the commodity market, you should try to focus on commodities with high liquidity. Crude oil is one the world’s most in-demand commodities as it can be refined into products including petrol, diesel and lubricants, along with many petrochemicals that are used to make plastics. Brent crudeis one of the two major types of oil used to benchmark global prices, along with West Texas Intermediate (WTI).

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Argentina, exporting more than 25 million tonnes, was the biggest soybean meal exporter in the world followed by Brazil and the US. The EU, followed by Indonesia and Thailand, are the world’s biggest soybean meal importers. Total beef and veal production exceeded 58 million tonnes in 2013 led by Brazil, which produced more than nine million tonnes of beef, followed by the EU and China.

In July 2022, 1,756,010 Coffee Futures Contracts were traded on the ICE. The energy commodity market is by far the largest in terms of contracts traded and turnover. While there are many types of energy commodities available to trade, it’s the black https://bigbostrade.com/ gold which is traded the most. Brent Crude Oil is mostly traded on the ICE (Intercontinental Exhange), whereas WTI is mostly traded on CME (Chicago Mercantile Exchange). The Brent Crude Oil production is more scalable than the competing WTI.

Prices generally rise during boom periods – as more oil is needed to manufacture and transport products – and fall during economic slowdowns. On the supply side, global supplies of oil – rather than the supply of Brent crude specifically – has the most influence over this commodity’s price. Here the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), which sets production quotas for member countries, has historically had a great deal of influence. However, this has waned in recent years as the US, which is not an OPEC member, has increased shale production.

You can practise your strategies using the Free Plus500 Demo Account and get a feel for trading the vast array of different commodity instruments before committing real money. While prices of commodities – from oil, natural gas, to gold, silver and base metals – have retreated in the past weeks due to recession fears, analysts expected prices to remain elevated for this year. The Brent crude oil price has remained elevated due to strong demand and supply constraints from the Organisation of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) producing countries. At the same time, oil markets tried to factor in how much Russian oil will disappear from the market when the EU’s ban on seaborne imports of Russian oil takes effect on 5 December.

What commodities will rise in 2022?

Plus500CY is the issuer and seller of the financial products described or available on this website. One way to manage liquidity risk is through the use of risk management tools like guaranteed stops, a type of stop-loss that ensures your position is closed at your pre-selected price level. A commodity is usually defined as a raw material used in the production process or consumed on its own. The US Energy Information Agency (EIA)  on 7 June forecast WTI to average $102.47 per barrel (bbl) this year, up from $68.21/bbl in 2021, but it is expected to ease to $93.24.

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On the other hand, if a market is unexpectedly hit with a huge supply, speculative selling will often appear. The World Bank’s broad food commodity price index gained 14 percent in 2022Q1 (q/q) and stands nearly 20 percent higher than a year ago. Trade disruptions and high input costs fueled a rally that pushed some food commodity prices to record highs, with particularly large increases for wheat prices. Production shortfalls played a key role as well, especially in wheat and soybeans, partly in response to lower yields in South America. Higher fertilizer prices are a key concern for food prices next year.

A key assumption for a robust outlook of many of the world’s natural resources market and the industry this year was based on optimism for Chinese economic growth. However, even as the U.S. economy harbors predictions of a recession, the Chinese economy hasn’t lived up to initial expectations. The slow growth in crucial industries such as construction and uncertainty among consumers for trading signals the future have cut demand for several essential commodities such as pork, steel, coal, and petroleum fuels. Broiler Meat (poultry / chicken), with a trade volume exceeding $23bn, was the eighth-most traded food commodity in 2013. The world export volume of poultry exceeded ten million tonnes in 2013, while the annual average price of ready-to-cook broiler meat stood at $2.02 per kg.

Precious Metal Commodities include

As WTI is drilled and stored inland, there are a number of logistical obstacles that limit production. Soybeans are generally used for the extraction of soybean oil, which is used for vegetable oil, soy milk, flour, protein, tofu and many other retail foods, as well as being used for the animal feed industry. The commodity is required for many purposes, and has a big impact on the livestock commodities. The risks of loss from investing in CFDs can be substantial and the value of your investments may fluctuate. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. You should consider whether you understand how this product works, and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.

Its user-friendly, yet advanced online CFD platform includes a free demo account, a wide variety of educational resources and trading tools that are made available to new and experienced traders alike. Traders can also enjoy Plus500’s free Trading Academy which provides them with a helpful FAQs section, how-to trading videos, and a free eBook. The company’s spreads are among the lowest in the industry and the intuitive platform is designed for ease of use, without compromising on in-depth analytical insights and sophisticated trading options.

Natural gas prices in the US, Europe and Asia have continued their rally, which started last year with ongoing supply problems from Russia. The Russia-Ukraine war exacerbated supply woes after Russia required buyers in Europe to pay with ruble for its gas, prompting buyers to find alternative supply from the US. In the first quarter of 2022, the gold price had rallied near its record high of above $2,000 an ounce seen in mid-2020, amid uncertainty on the onset of the war between Russia and Ukraine. However, gold’s rally quickly lost its shine by May as the Fed’s aggressive rate hikes to combat higher than anticipated inflation rate. We recommend that you seek independent financial advice and ensure you fully understand the risks involved before trading. Technology, construction, fashion and investing are the main industries which demand vast amounts of metals.

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